Category Archives: Politics

The Rational Animal Redux

“Ever since its birth in the Ionian islands almost three thousand years ago, Western philosophy has been divided between two seemingly opposed attitudes. According to one of them the authentic and ultimate truth of the world can reside only in perfectly immutable forms, by essence unvarying. According to the other, the only real truth resides in flux and evolution. From Plato to Whitehead and from Heraclitus to Hegel and Marx, it is clear that these metaphysical epistemologies were always closely bound up with their authors’ ethical and political biases. These ideological edifices represented as self-evident to reason, were actually a posteriori constructions designed to justify preconceived ethico-political theories.” —Jacques Monod, Chance and Necessity